In the past two years, while the coronavirus has claimed more than 45,000 lives in Hungary, we have seen the following trends:
1. Lack of transparency has increased, making it more difficult to fight corruption, including:
non-transparent management of the pandemic;
amending the definition of public funds;
a significant increase in the number of non-public government decrees; and
creation of the Concession Council.
2. Public spending on the pandemic was non-transparent and unsustainable due to:
- the creation of a huge deficit and runaway inflation;
- the increasing difficulty in obtaining a clear and comprehensive picture of public spending as a whole;
- the lack of anti-corruption commitments which has prevented Hungary from receiving EU funds;
- clientele close to the NER which has been able to profit from both pandemic procurements and traditional public procurements; and
- meanwhile, the state’s lavish support of its own knowledge centres with tourism funds, with a significant part of the subsidies for tourism development going to the clientele
3. Entire sectors have fallen into FIDESZ-allied hands:
by outsourcing higher education and certain public social services to public trust funds (”KEKVA’s”);
with large amounts of wealth allocated to church institutions; and
important sectors have been given to pro-government businessmen, while the Government itself has tried to push foreign investors out of Hungary by breaking the rules of fair competition.
4. The government has taken revenue from municipalities on the grounds of pandemic control, and then selectively rewarded municipalities run by pro-government administration
5. Decisions and revenues belonging to opposition-led municipalities were transferred to county assemblies with a governing- party majority by the creation of special commercial zones.
6. Public positions of power have been privatised, Deputy Minister of Justice Pál Völner is suspected of making the filling of independent court bailiff posts conditional on bribes.